Types of Blood Cancer and Blood Cancer Treatment

There are many misconceptions about blood cancer. We will discuss several types of blood cancer and blood cancer treatment; Over time, the treatment of such diseases has changed, and many improvements have made.

Basically, we call leukemia blood cancer. This is the cancer of the blood cells, especially cancer of the white blood cells. Blood cells are formed in the bone marrow or bone marrow, then gradually mature or mature and eventually it comes into the blood. If for some reason these blood cells are made excessively and abnormally, then they cannot mature. This causes a lot of immature and abnormal blood cells to enter the bloodstream. Mostly white blood cells are affected. But as the bone marrow gradually becomes completely infected, other blood cells become deficient.

  • Blood cancer is not contagious.
  • Blood cancer can happen to anyone, big or small.

Why does blood cancer happen:

The exact cause of blood cancer is still unclear. The effects of various types of radioactivity, chemical waste, smoking, artificial colors, pesticides, viruses, etc. These result in mutations in genes and abnormal reversal signals in cell division. Then abnormalities in cell division occur, immature abnormal cells move into the bloodstream. It does not contagious or contagious. Blood cancer can happen to anyone, big or small.

Blood Cancer Risk Factors:

Viruses - Human T-lymphotropic viruses directly linked to leukemia.
Excessive exposure to benzene - Benzene is the most common use solvent for cleansing substances and hair color. It has a tendency to cause blood cancer.
Artificial ionizing radiation - Excessive exposure to radiation therapy to treat any of the previous cancers.
Chemotherapy - People who receive chemotherapy also have a higher risk of developing leukemia.
Some Genetic Conditions - Some children with Down syndrome have three copies of the XNUMX chromosome. This increases the risk of ATM or all.

Some other blood cancer risk factors include:

  • Family history
  • Immune-suppression
  • Electromagnetic field exposure
  • Exposure to national chemicals such as petrol, diesel or pesticides
  • Smoking
  • Hair color 

Symptoms of Blood Cancer:

Blood cancer can manifest with chronic fever, anemia, red rash on the skin, bleeding gums, bone pain, recurrent infections, etc. A lot of times just getting caught doing routine tests. Blood counts and peripheral blood film are the most common causes of disease. But you have to be sure to check the bone marrow. Modern tests like flow cytometry, immunophenotyping, etc. are now being done in government hospitals. By doing cytogenetics, a good decision can make about the type of chemotherapy for the disease, and the possibility of curing the disease can be estimated.

The treatment of leukemia has greatly improved. The cure rate for acute leukemia in children has exceeded 90 percent in the developed world. Bone marrow transplants and modern chemotherapy show the hope of recovery for patients.

Blood cancer is not a specific disease. Several types of blood diseases are collectively known as leukemia. Such blood diseases include leukemia, aplastic anemia, myeloid plastic syndrome, lymphoma, myeloma, etc.

There are three major types of blood cancer: Leukemia. Lymphoma. Myeloma.

 

Leukemia:

This is the most common cancer of the blood. There are several different types of leukemia. These are Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), acute myeloid leukemia, chronic lymphoblastic leukemia, chronic myeloid leukemia. The common name of all of them is leukemia. This cancer starts in the bone marrow. This causes abnormal white blood cells in the bone marrow. Numbers are also generated more. These do not work like normal healthy white blood cells. They tend to grow faster.

At one stage this growth is supposed to stop but it does not stop. These cells prevent the formation of other blood cells in the bone marrow. Treatment depends on the type of leukemia and the stage of the disease. Chemotherapy usually apply. It destroys harmful cancer cells. Many times radiation therapy includes chemotherapy. Bone marrow transplants or bone marrow transplant surgery are more likely to cure.

 

Aplastic anemia:

In the healthy bone marrow, red blood cells, leukocytes, and granules are formed at the same time. This is an ongoing process. In aplastic anemia, this bone marrow is replaced by fat cells. The disease is too much, it is not. When that happens, the bone marrow can no longer make enough blood cells. In this case, the number of all types of blood cells is reduced. The exact cause of this disease is not yet known.

However, the disease can affect anyone at any age. The treatment has two parts. One is calling supportive therapy. In this, the symptoms that appear in the body due to the disease are treated. Regular blood transfusion is required from outside. Antibiotics and antifungal drugs have to apply for a long time to prevent infection. The other treatment is Definitive Treatment. It lowers the body's immune system or undergoes bone marrow transplant surgery.

 

Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS):

It is also a bone marrow or bone marrow problem. Here, too, there may not be enough blood cells to produce aplastic anemia. Again some particles are formed which are not healthy. They can't even do their own thing. Many times the number of blood cells increases rapidly. This disease is relatively less. In most cases, the disease later develops into leukemia. There is no specific treatment for this disease. Symptomatic treatment is usually given. Stem cell transplant surgery is performed in many countries.

 

Lymphoma:

There is another vascular system in the body like blood vessels, which is known as the lymphatic system or lymphatic system. This system works to prevent diseases and infections in the body. Lymphoma is when an extra number of lymphocytes are made in the body. The lymphocyte itself is a type of blood cell.

These stay in the bloodstream for extra time and affect the immune system. Lymphoma can occur in any part of the body. Usually, lymph nodes, blood, bone marrow are more. The two main types of lymphoma are non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and Hodgkin's lymphoma. Treatment depends on the type and stage of the disease. Chemotherapy, radiotherapy may be given. Many times good results obtained through bone marrow transplant surgery.

 

Myeloma:

Another name is multiple myeloma. In this cancer, blood plasma cells are damaged. Plasma cells are in the blood. Its main function is to help the body fight disease by making antibodies in the blood. Myeloma produces extra plasma cells, which are not healthy. These cannot work to prevent disease. They make in such large numbers that they take the place of other particles in the blood. Because of this the bone marrow or bone marrow is permanently damaged. Treatment is based on symptoms. In addition, some drugs used to prevent extra plasma cells from forming. In addition, chemotherapy is also given.

 

Blood cancer treatment:

The treatment of blood cancer depends on the types of blood cancer, the age of the infected person, the extent of the disease, where the disease has spread, and a few other conditions. Some of the most advanced treatments for this disease are-

Stem Cell Transplantation- Stem cell transplantation results in the importation of healthy blood-producing stem cells into the body. Stem cells can collect from bone marrow, flowing blood, and umbilical cord cells.

Chemotherapy- When anti-cancer drugs given to the body with the help of chemotherapy, the growth of cancer cells stops. Blood cancer chemotherapy often involves a combination of multiple drugs. In many cases, this treatment starts before the stem cell transplant.

Radiation therapy- Radiation therapy given to destroy cancer cells or to alleviate the pain and discomfort of the patient. This therapy may also give before the stem cell transplant.

The type of chemotherapy that will give depends on the type of disease, especially in the case of acute leukemia. Acute leukemia can divide into different sub-categories through testing.

Whatever the type of acute lymphoblastic leukemia or ALL, treatment is extremely expensive and long-term. If you only treat with chemotherapy, you have to take treatment for two to two and a half years. Some bone marrow or bone marrow to replace transaplantesana.

In the case of acute myeloblastic leukemia or AML, its treatment also depends on some other factors. It is basically of eight types: M-0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7.

If M-2, 4, only four months of continuous treatment with chemotherapy, the disease is likely to get better. If M-3 or APL blood cancer treats with chemotherapy alone for two consecutive years, the chances of complete recovery are more than 80 percent. With the exception of M-2, 3, and 4, there is no effective treatment for AML cancers other than BMT or bone marrow transplantation.

Chronic leukemia also has different types of treatment. Patients with chronic leukemia can live well for many days with proper treatment.

With the advent of molecular targeted therapy, many blood cancers cure in a short time. Chronic myeloid leukemia is one of them.

However, after treatment with chemotherapy should follow up for a long time.

In case of any blood cancer or leukemia, if the chemotherapy does not work or the disease recurs, the bone marrow transplantation has to do by collecting the stem cells or bone marrow from the HLA tissue matching donor. I hope you understand about several types of blood cancer.


Department of Leukemia and Blood Cancer

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