Cognitive development of child ; Importance of 1000 days

According to UNICEF, During the first 1000 days of cognitive development of child, the brain develops much faster than at any other time. At the same time ensuring good nutrition plays an active role as fuel in the development of the child’s intellect.

During pregnancy, the baby’s brain grows very fast and develops at an amazing rate. By the 4th week of pregnancy, the baby’s brain contains approximately 10,000 cells, and by 24 weeks it has grown to 10 billion. The nutrients that the baby gets through its mother’s diet during pregnancy act as fuel for this amazing change. A variety of nutrients such as folic acid, iron, zinc, iodine, carbs, and fatty acids play an important role in the development of the baby’s brain during pregnancy. If any nutrient deficiency occurs during this time, the child may face various risks such as stunted growth of the child, birth defects, and impaired intellectual development.

By 18 days of gestation, the baby’s neural tube is formed, and by 7 months, the baby’s brain is formed in a way that is similar to that of an adult human brain. At the beginning of pregnancy, different cells combine to form new neurons, forming tissues that transmit and receive nerve impulses. And is transported from one cell to another.

Nutrients at this time help to form synapses in the brain which act as the main component of the child’s ability to learn something. When a pregnant mother lacks adequate calories, carbs, fatty acids, and other nutrients in her diet, the process of growth and development of the nervous system can be hampered.

Cognitive development of child’s brain:

Vitamin A:

Work:

  • Maintains vision
  • Helps in cell growth and separation
  • Plays a major role in the normal formation of the heart, lungs, kidneys, and other organs
  • Increases immunity

Deficiency problem:

  • Vision may be impaired
  • The baby’s growth may be slow
  • The baby’s tendency to eat food may decrease
  • The tendency to become easily infected with different types of infections can increase

Food sources:
Egg yolk, yellow and dark green vegetables, sweet pumpkin, ripe mango, sweet potato, broccoli, liver, carrot etc.

Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine):

Work:

  • Essential for normal growth and functioning of the brain
  • Helps in the growth of neurotransmitters in the brain
  • Provides the chemical needed to send signals from one nerve cell to another nerve cell
  • The hormones serotonin and norepinephrine

Deficiency problem:

  • Feeling muscle weakness
  • Always expressing annoyance
  • Depression
  • Always be inattentive

Food sources:
Meat, liver, potatoes, bananas, starchy vegetables, etc.

Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin):

Work:

  • Maintains cell health.
  • Helps to create DNA.
  • Provides genetic material to all cells.
  • Combines with folic acid to make red blood cells and increase iron function in the body.

Deficiency problem:

  • Increases the risk of birth defects. For example neural tuberculosis of the brain
  • The baby plays a role in premature delivery

Food sources:
Beef liver, mutton liver, meat, fish, poultry, eggs, milk, and cheese

Calcium-rich foods:

Work:

  • Helps in bone formation and growth.
  • Helps in the formation and growth of teeth.
  • Helps maintain healthy nerve and muscle cells.

Deficiency problem:

  • Rickets may increase the chances.
  • The joints of the bones may become enlarged and swollen.
  • May increase the risk of bone fragility.

Food sources:
Milk, cheese, yogurt, and other dairy foods, small fish, etc.

Choline:

Work:

  • An important component in the formation of cell membranes
  • Helps maintain the normal functioning of all cells
  • Helps in the development of the baby’s brain during pregnancy
  • Lack of choline closes the neural tube and has a negative effect on the child’s memory and brain development

Deficiency problem:

  • In fetal or fetal conditions, the growth of blood vessels in the baby’s brain may be reduced
  • Increases the risk of problems in the baby’s brain and spinal cord
  • The baby may have problems building nerves and muscles
  • Can cause folate deficiency

Food sources:
Meat, seafood, liver, egg yolks, broccoli, and breast milk.

Copper:

Work:

  • Very small amounts are required
  • Helps in proper formation and growth of bones, brain, heart and other organs of the baby
  • It combines with iron to make red blood cells
  • Increases immunity

Deficiency problem:

  • Low birth weight increases the risk of birth
  • Increases the risk of muscle weakness, neurological problems, anemia, low altitude, metabolic problems and infections

Food sources:
Liver, pulses and other legumes, nuts, whole grains, dark green vegetables.

Vitamin C:

Work:

  • Helps in the production of collagen, which plays an important role in the formation of bones, muscles, and other connective tissues in the baby.
  • Increases immunity
  • Increases iron absorption

Deficiency problem:

  • The baby may have scurvy
  • Bone growth may be reduced
  • Bleeding
  • Anemia
  • Bleeding from the gums of the baby’s teeth

Food sources:
Citrus fruits, tomatoes, red and green peppers, broccoli, potatoes.

Vitamin D:

Work:

  • Important for baby’s bone growth and health
  • Maintains maternal and child immunity
  • Helps in calcium absorption

Deficiency problem:

  • The baby’s bones may be narrow, brittle, or any other inconsistency
  • Baby rickets can be a disease
  • Proper growth of bone joints can be disrupted and swollen

Food sources:
Sunlight, Egg yolks, liver, breast milk

Folate:

Work:

  • Proper growth of the baby’s brain and spinal cord is important
  • Helps in cell division
  • Helps in the growth and development of blood cells

Deficiency problem:

  • Increased risk of neural tube imbalance in the baby (a type of congenital problem. The spinal cord does not form properly, which reduces the baby’s ability to learn anything)

Food sources:
Green lentils, Spinach, spinach, legumes, bananas, mangoes, watermelons, beef liver, Hilsa fish, Catfish, Shrimp

Iron in baby food:

Work:

  • The baby’s proper brain development is important
  • Provides oxygen to the tissues of different organs of the body
  • Increases the baby’s various biological functions and immunity

Deficiency problem:

  • Extreme fatigue and depression
  • Not developing talent
  • Immunity is reduced

Food sources:
Beef Spleen, Sheep Spleen, Goat Spleen, Cattle Liver, Chicken Liver, Goat Liver, Goat Spinach, Datashak, Lalshak, Green Spinach, Laushak, Fish Egg, Horned Fish, Tilapia, Pulses, Tamarind, Mango, Dried Palm, etc.

Iodine:

Work:

  • Helps to develop the child’s intellect
  • An important component of the thyroid hormone

Deficiency problem:

  • Improper growth and development of the brain

Food sources:
Iodine-rich salt, dairy foods, eggs, marine fish.

Vitamin K:

Work:

  • Helps in blood clotting
  • Prevents excessive bleeding

Deficiency problem:

  • Increases the risk of uncontrolled bleeding
  • Not working properly on different parts of the baby
  • Having problems developing talent
  • Proper care of body parts at birth

Food sources:
Spinach, broccoli, liver, cabbage, lettuce.

Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids:

Work:

  • These fats, especially DHA (Docosapentaenoic Acid) play a key role in the health and intellectual development of the child.
  • DHA (DHADocosapentaenic Acid) is a major component of eye and brain tissue.
  • Helps in the formation and growth of healthy cell membranes
  • Increases immunity

Deficiency problem:

  • The baby is underweight
  • Immunity is reduced
  • The child is less focused on any subject
  • Children are hyperactive or easily disturbed
  • Something is difficult to learn easily

Food sources:
Different types of fish, nuts, breast milk.

Non-vegetarian food:

Work:

  • Important components of all body cells, muscle tissue, organs, brain neurotransmitters.
  • Helps in the proper growth of the brain.
  • Helps the body maintain various biological functions.

Deficiency problem:

  • Depression.
  • Found to increase infection.
  • Muscle weakness.

Food sources:
Fish, meat, milk, eggs, legumes, legumes, nuts, dairy foods.

Selenium:

Work:

  • Very small amounts are required.
  • The thyroid plays an important role in the metabolism of hormones and DNA synthesis in the body.
  • Essential for brain health.
  • Important in the development of the immune system.

Deficiency problem:

  • The growth of the baby is disrupted.

Food sources:
Eggs, beef, chicken, seafood.

Zinc:

Work:

  • Essential for cell growth and metabolism.
  • Keeps body growth just right.
  • Maintains brain function.
  • Maintains the immune system.
  • Helps in bone growth.

Deficiency problem:

  • Abnormalities in the baby’s movement and heartbeat can be seen during pregnancy.
  • The baby may be born prematurely.
  • Increased risk increases the risk of infection.

Food sources:
Meat, whole-grain foods, milk, and dairy foods

The importance of 1000 days in the Cognitive development of child intellect.

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